Low back pain is a serious disease of the spine since it can cause severe discomfort and lead to various complications. For this reason, it should promptly and properly treated. This can be done at home with the help of medications, folk remedies, physical education and physiotherapy. All treatment measures must be approved by the technician, otherwise there is a risk of complications.
Osteochondrosis — degenerative-dystrophic disease of the spine (DSP ), leading to disruption of the tissue structure of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs. This provokes a decrease in their elasticity and shape change. This significantly decreases the space between the vertebrae and the instability of the spine in this place.
In pathological destruction of tissues is pinched nerve endings that emanate from the spinal cord, which leads to a constant tension of the dorsal muscles. Against this background, there is pain and other characteristic symptoms. Clinical signs can differ depending on which segment has undergone degenerative disorders. Allocate chondrosis of the spine following departments:
If the pathological process affects multiple segments, such osteochondrosis polysegmental. Common disorders have complicated symptoms and are diagnosed much more difficult because it can affect areas both near and remote from each other. For example, osteochondrosis of the cervical and lumbosacral.
There are 4 stages of osteochondrosis:
Psychosomatic causes of disease – a new direction in the search of the preconditions for its formation. Psychosomatic implies the influence of psychological factors on the development and course of physical disease. The connection between bodily and mental problems is really tight and seemingly healthy person can suffer from regular pain. Osteochondrosis some people are not detected by the objective reasons for the disease, but she continues to progress.
Up to 30% of patients after a visit to the doctor indicate troubles such as:
In this case, psychosomatics in the syndrome of lesions of the spine can clearly be seen, the person "bends" under the weight of problems, which negatively affects the spine. If pathology has similar causes, treatment of degenerative disc disease would be difficult, medications usually do not help. Exacerbation of pathology that occur during a new wave of stress, and the physical reasons for them.
Psychosomatics especially often affects the cervical spine, but pain can be wandering around the vertebral column. Treatment of degenerative disc disease should start with finding and dealing with psychological problems under the supervision of a therapist.
The main factor for the development of osteoarthritis is an uneven load on the spine.
Common cause of irregular (uneven) load distribution on the spine are:
Additional risk factors include:
Developing low back pain always goes through four stages:
But, unfortunately, in some cases osteophytes cause compressions and further injure the vertebrae. As a result, in the intervertebral discs and the joints begins fibrous ankylosis.
The main symptoms of osteoarthritis is discomfort and/or pain in the neck and back.
How will severe discomfort, and what additional symptoms will manifest themselves during the development of osteoarthritis depends upon stage of disease and each individual case.
Pathology of the intervertebral discs of the cervical and lumbar are much more common than degenerative and dystrophic changes in the sternum.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
The clinical picture of degenerative disc disease largely depends on the location (location) of disease, the degree of development of the process, the individual peculiarities of the patients.
Pathology of the intervertebral discs, displacement, protrusion, herniation and growth of osteophytes lead to very different consequences.
Among the most common is disruption of normal blood circulation in the tissues, a pinched nerve, dysfunction of the spinal canal, edema, fibrosis of tissues and structures.
Such effects may be accompanied by a huge variety of symptoms, leading to difficulty of accurate diagnosis of the disease.
The most common symptoms of degenerative disc disease include the following symptoms:
For accurate diagnosis specialist appoints such instrumental methods of examination, such as:
Additional methods that may be prescribed by a doctor, to diagnosis and the stage of pathological processes have been installed as accurately as possible are:
Without a special attention to treat the first symptoms of degenerative dysfunctional processes in the connective tissues of the spine. Such a body can have a dramatically negative impact on the work of all internal organs. An imbalance of the functions will grow like an avalanche, and a man could suddenly be in a hospital bed. The decrease of mobility of the spine, violation of the speed of passage of signals and obstruction of nutrients in certain areas of the body lead to the development of dysfunctions in the musculoskeletal system, the joints and ligaments.
Partial or complete destruction of the intervertebral ties leads to the development of numerous chronic diseases. Even a slight pain, suddenly appeared and as quickly disappeared, should make a person undergo a full examination. This will help to identify centers of origin of the disease and with preventive means to prevent the further development of the disease.
Not paying attention to the first signals, it is possible to encounter more serious problems:
It should be clearly understood that any irregularities in the spine will lead to the development of more complex chronic diseases of internal organs. Damage to the neurovascular bundles hampers the rhythm of bodies disrupts the flow of the necessary quantity of food and the removal of toxins.
This adversely affects the entire body. Accumulate inside the tissues of the damaged cells and toxins and stimulate the growth of malignant tumors. You can suddenly find out that excellent health suffered serious damage from a slight pain in the lumbar region, back or neck.
In order to successfully treat osteochondrosis, it is necessary to conduct a detailed examination and accurate diagnosis. At first, the doctors carried out external examination of the patient, collect anamnesis of disease, then use of laboratory and instrumental methods of research.
There are 3 ways of treatment:
Great benefit in the treatment of osteoarthritis bring a special diet, the observance of bed rest and minimizing loads on the spine. At rest it is recommended to use a hard surface instead of soft mattress.
In house conditions for treatment of the disease, you can resort to the first two methods. It is desirable to combine them. To enhance their actions can be entered in the treatment of folk ways.
However, to self-medicate is highly undesirable. All measures and procedures must be approved by a specialist. In the treatment of degenerative disc disease must follow certain rules in the use of certain methods.
In this case, if the provision of medical medical assistance did not produce results and the disease progresses, the prescribed surgical treatment. Surgical intervention is performed to stabilize the structure of the spine, removal of intervertebral hernias or fully affected discs.
Medical treatment of osteoarthritis should be comprehensive, to be aimed at the relief of pain and elimination of other pronounced symptoms. For this purpose, different groups of drugs:
At pathologies musculoskeletal doctors recommend the use of chondroprotectors has cumulative effect and impact on the human body after a certain time, which helps to restore the intervertebral disc. These medications are used long period, up to 2-3 months. And chondroprotectors seriously tax the liver and the gastrointestinal tract, therefore they should be combined with probiotics.
In the treatment of degenerative disc disease would be a useful exercise (physical therapy). On the musculoskeletal system can have a beneficial impact moderate exercise. They stimulate metabolism, restore mobility of the spine and strengthening the muscle corset.
Methodology and scheme of medical gymnastics should choose a doctor, as it can vary depending on which part of the spine exposed to the pathological process. Therefore, it is desirable that classes were held under the supervision of a specialist. After the development of the program of physical therapy can continue at home.
For example, when the diagnosis of osteochondrosis of the cervical recommend the following simple exercises:
Drug treatment gives a good result if we combine it with physiotherapy. For the condition of the vertebrae useful magnetic therapy, electrophoresis, ultrasonic therapy, etc. Some types of procedures can be performed at home if you buy appropriate portable devices. The beneficial effect of mineral water and healing mud.
In the absence of contraindications to massage the patient to visit a chiropractor. In the treatment of osteoarthritis can be applied reflexology — the pressure points of the body. At home you can carry out the massage. There are several techniques to help eliminate pain syndrome and toning muscles:
To relieve pain you can use tools for the popular recipes. The result of herbal treatments and other natural compounds will only appear with their prolonged use.
Folk remedies are preferable compared with the drug, since the latter during long-term use can seriously harm the intestines, liver and pancreas. Therefore, alternative therapies it is desirable to use after the relief of acute pain drugs. Presented methods need to gradually replace medication with the advice of a doctor.
You can mention a few effective recipes:
When using folk remedies very carefully you need to approach procedures with a warming effect. Such actions can help to get rid of pain and inflammation, but can cause harm. During periods of exacerbation any warming, because they cause vasodilation, resulting in edema can occur. In such situations, you should seek treatment to specialists. Osteochondrosis of the cervical is prohibited to warm up the neck, because it can cause a headache.
Many people that have a dystrophic lesion of the intervertebral disks are interested in the question: is it possible to cure low back pain and how to do it? The specialists of the leading clinics in the world treating this disease say that if the degenerative disc disease was detected at an early stage, in most cases, you can fully restore the functionality of the spine. If a patient seeks in a medical institution at stage 3 or 4 disease, doctors can only help to improve it, as entering this phase of development, osteochondrosis provokes the formation of bone spurs and change the shape of the spine. At these stages to achieve a positive result is possible only with surgical treatment.
After this therapy, patients start periods of remission, which they can extend on their own, if they adhere to the recommendations of the doctors:
Everyone needs to take preventive measures, aimed at prevention of such dangerous diseases as osteochondrosis. You first need to constantly monitor your posture, not only while driving, but sitting at the computer or watching a favorite television series. It is equally important to engage in physical exercise, which will help to strengthen the musculoskeletal system and create a muscular corset.
It is recommended to choose for a night stay orthopedic mattresses and pillows that are designed with the purpose of prevention of degenerative disc disease and other spinal diseases. In order not to harm the musculoskeletal system people should be very careful to lift and carry heavy objects.
Diet food (six times a day in divided portions), which included the perfectly balanced meals will help to normalize the functioning of many vital organs and systems of the human body. You should not consume drinks with a high content of caffeine, alcoholic beverages, chocolate. In limited quantities should be consumed protein foods, particularly liver, meat, legumes.
During sleep, the person has to be in this position, which will allow his muscles and the musculoskeletal system to relax completely. This is due to the fact that for long periods in an uncomfortable posture is often the cause of developing osteoarthritis.
To minimize the load on the spine during a night's rest, one must observe the following rules: