Back pain in the lumbar region

populus often complain about back pain, and this is natural: this area accounts for a large part of the load. Compared to other departments, lumbar most vulnerable to diseases.

In this article we will understand what happens back pain in the lumbar region, what caused it and how to get rid of it.

back pain in the lumbar region on the left

Read more about lower back pain

Lower back pain known as lumbago, or "lumbago". Sometimes it is so severe that a person has to take an unnatural position, his movements constrained. Any movement causes the patient very uncomfortable.

Pain may last a few moments or several days. Then they suddenly stopped, but after a while again with renewed vigor. A person has to adapt to the waves of pain that will not be full if it is not treated.

Why is a sore lower back?

The reason may be the following factors:

  • dateline driving or computer work in the sitting position;
  • physical exertion, emotional or nervous stress at work;
  • enhanced training in the gym (when performing exercises standing or sitting);
  • pregnancy and a difficult birth;
  • problems with excess weight.

It happens that the pain goes away by itself. It gives to understand the following: if the lower back is bothering regularly — it is possible the development of serious diseases. And later treatment, it can lead to serious consequences, get rid of them have with the surgery.

Lower back pain as a symptom of disease

There are two kinds of pain: primary and secondary.

Primary pain syndrome occurs directly in the development of diseases of the spine. It can be:

  • low back pain lumborum Department;
  • the formation of protrusion of the intervertebral disc;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • spondylosis or spondylarthrosis;
  • diseases of the spine, such as kyphosis, scoliosis, kyphoscoliosis;
  • arthritis;
  • discit, osteomyelitis and tuberculosis of the spine.

Secondary pain syndrome occurs because of disease in other areas of the body. It is caused by the following reasons:

  • fractures;
  • the tumor inside the vertebral canal;
  • persistent muscle spasms;
  • diseases of internal organs;
  • lapides renibus disease;
  • complicated pregnancy;
  • problems with the ovary.
back pain in the lumbar region

Classification of pain

Lower back pain can be:

  • strong;
  • sharp;
  • aching;
  • chronic;
  • moved.

Severe pain

Strong pain in osteochondrosis. The pain haunt you constantly when he walks, sits, lifts weights, even coughs or sneezes. Sometimes she gives to the lower limbs. This is accompanied by numbness and a feeling of "chills".

When lumborum-sacralis radiculitis person feels severe pain in the lower back and other parts of the body: the buttocks, thighs, pelvis and postremo. Painful sensations become stronger in the process of walking, of coughing, change of body position.

The first of these signs you need to consult a neurologist. It is recommended to sleep on a hard mattress to maintain the lower back in the correct anatomical position.

Acute pain

Acute pain in humans occur in the following cases:

  • muscle strain;
  • a long stay in an uncomfortable position;
  • working with weights;
  • injury;
  • sudden movement;
  • hypothermia;
  • draft.

To overcome these pains, you need to use gels and ointments, which have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. They will help to improve blood circulation and get rid of edema. If after two or three days after the first symptoms of lower back pain does not pass, then it's time to consult a doctor.

In the early days, when back pain are particularly strong, it is better to stay in bed.

Aching pain

Aching pain in the lower back can occur due to myositis or inflammation of the muscles of the lower back. The man is shackled in his movements, because he feels pain when making even the simplest movements.

For getting rid of pain one must first take a warm shower and then put on warm clothes. Physical activity are excluded. For relief of the condition, it is recommended to RUB ointments, has tepidus effect. If the pain after three days does not pass, it is best to consult a doctor.

Chronic pain

Often the cause of such pain becomes deformavit spondylosis. The person with this disease very concerned about the lower back, may develop loss of sensation and weakness in the legs.

Chronic pain can also occur due to ankylosing spondylitis, problems with metabolism or cancer. To cope with these diseases in the home will not work. To identify the cause in the early stages too difficult. Therefore, the appearance of pain which are not more than three days, and even worse, should consult a doctor.

severe back pain in the lumbar region

Displaced pain

This type is characterized by its "confusion". The person feels pain in the loins and believes that the problems with the spine. But displaced pain usually occur due to diseases of organs located in the pelvic area, tumors and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys.

In some cases, you need to go to the doctor?

In the presence of any symptom from the list below you should immediately consult physician.

  • severe pain in the lumbar region does not go away after three days and more;
  • cause of pain in the spine injury that you know about (for example, a few days before this accident, or falling on the back);
  • you get sick at the same time the lower back, hip, leg and foot;
  • pain lost sensitivity in the buttocks, thighs, legs, feet and groin.

How to cure lower back pain?

Typically, the patient is integrated treatment, where attention is paid to the lumborum region and the spine and nearby organs.

The treatment is divided into two types: conservative and operative.

Conservative treatment is the treatment of events in which the recovery of the patient is achieved by the use of drugs (medication), and through the use of alternative techniques .

Conservative treatment can be of several types:

  • taking special drugs;
  • physiotherapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • massage.

Drug therapies

back pain in the lumbar region treatment

Creams and gels

Ointment medication in a mild form, which is intended for external application to the affected area of the body. The ointment consists of two components: the base and the active drug substances.

Ointments as medicines is effective in the case that you need to improve the condition at home. They help people relieve pain, inflammation, muscle spasms. Some have tepidus effect for lumbar, which is useful if she frigus.

As tepidus drugs excellent performance, have a Chinese patch for the back.

There is the following classification of ointments:

  1. Anti-inflammatory ointment analgesic effect. They have a cooling effect due to the fact that they contain menthol and lavender.
  2. Combined ointments. They are used for injuries and sprains. In addition to anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, have a healing effect, which is achieved at the expense of demethyl sulfoxide and heparin in the ointment.
  3. Drugs with the effect of expanding the blood vessels. They increase the blood flow to the affected area.
  4. Chondroprotectors. Used in the pathology of cartilage. Due to chondroitin sulfate these drugs restore joints.

Injection

Injection involves injecting medication into a muscle or vein to accelerate the "delivery" of drugs to the inflamed site. It is important that the needle was sharp – so no skin, no muscles are not injured.

Distinctive features of the injection are:

  • The speed of treatment.
  • The effectiveness of treatment. The active substance is not exposed to any degenerative processes in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • The need for a professional approach to the introduction of injection. Yourself better not to do myself injections either every day to go to a doctor or call a health care provider at home.
  • Requires a specialist appointment. Suitable medication can you prescribe only doctor. And many drugs without prescription and does can not be purchased.

Exercise and charging

Physiotherapy — a method of treatment of diseases and reduce back pain. Tasks physical therapy is the restoration of skeletal-muscular system, improving the condition of the patient and correction of posture.

When back pain is recommended to perform the following exercises:

  1. Starting position — lying down. Necessary to alternately raise the left and right leg. Maximum height is ten to fifteen centimeters. The raised foot to hold the weight for 10-15 seconds. Exercise 10-15 times on each leg.
  2. In the supine position and bend your knees. The bending angle of 90-100 degrees. At the end of the exercise bent leg must be tilted to the right and to the left until it stops. The exercise is performed 15 times.
  3. You need to slowly and gradually bend in different directions. During exercise the back should be as straight as possible. Enough to 20 of tilt in each direction.
  4. Starting position — standing on all fours. To do swings opposite arms and legs (for example, make use of the right hand and left foot) at the same time. Runs 10-15 times
  5. "The bridge". On all fours with your belly out, you need to arch your back upwards and locked in this position for as long as you have enough forces. To perform the exercise at least 5 times.
back pain in the lumbar region massage

Massage

Massage is a treatment method aimed at influence on the active points of the person using the hands or special devices. This method is well proven in the fight with pain in the lumbar region. However, the massage should be done only by a qualified technician because bad specialist can harm the health of the spine.

The advantages of massage:

  • improves the blood flow in the affected body part;
  • makes muscles and tendons more flexible and elastic;
  • relieves acute pain;
  • removes toxins from the body;
  • creates a pleasant feeling through massage sensitive areas of the body;
  • beneficial effects on mood.

Massage is better to combine with the adoption of the bath or sauna. It is especially useful to steam brooms made of birch or oak: they increase body tone.

Heat and cryotherapy

This method of treatment refers to folk medicine. Warming help for pain that are not associated with inflammation. For example, it's a sprain, hernia, curvature of the spine or degenerative disc disease. Cryotherapy, on the other hand, is effective in acute forms of inflammation.

Remember! In the presence of infection in the body warming loses its positive effects. A stronger flow of blood contributes to the appearance in the human body severe pain and inflammation area may increase.

Prevention of the disease

To avoid re-occurrence of pain in the lumbar region, we recommend you have to abide by three main rules:

  • Regular exercise

Exercise should be restorative in nature. They uniformly affect all groups of muscles including the back and stomach. They are encouraged to do every day at least twenty to thirty minutes. Suitable morning exercise, Jogging, swimming or a fast walk.

  • To maintain water-salt balance

On the day a person is recommended to drink up to three liters of fluid. To do this, use pure mineral water. Sodas, coffee and tea are bad for the kidneys and does not saturate the body.

More water should be drunk in the morning. After 20.00 it is better to reduce the amount of consumed water, because it can result in pain and swelling in the kidneys.

  • Eat right and visit a doctor

Revise your daily diet. You should reduce the amount of fatty, fried and smoked food or not to exclude her – it is better to add healthy meals and products. The most useful one that steamed or boiled. In the daily diet should be as many products needed by the body saturated with vitamins, trace elements and minerals.

It is recommended to undergo annual medical examinations, including a full examination of the body. Women should regularly visit the gynecologist, men — urologist. Health of children must be controlled at the level of educational institutions — established-UPS will help to detect the disease as early as possible and begin treatment.

The main condition for the preservation of a healthy spine is the right way of life!

In addition to these three rules, there are several that also are advised to observe:

  • To monitor your posture.
  • Avoid awkward postures at work sitting. Knees should be above the level of the pelvis. Must sit on a low chair or put a stand under the feet. Better if is in between the loin and the back of the chair (chair) small pillow.
  • When office work is to regularly move. Every hour to take breaks for a small charge.
  • To sleep on a hard orthopaedic mattress.
  • To correctly lift weights. This is done through flexion of the knee. You need to go down to the object, bending your knees while keeping your back straight.
  • When you transfer weight to distribute the load between both hands.

Conclusion

Lower back pain is a dangerous symptom that is characterized by its variability.

Take care of your health, don't delay trips to the doctor and keep an active lifestyle – then problems with the spine you'll have.

27.07.2018