What to do if back hurts?

Pain

Back pain is one of the most common complaints of patients. Often, pain in the lumbar or thoracic spine occurs in the background diseases not directly connected with his back. In this regard, when the pain in the back is very important the correct diagnosis, based on the testimony of the patient and special studies.

Causes of back pain can be:

  • inflammatory diseases of the spine;
  • injury;
  • diseases of the internal organs;
  • weight;
  • pregnancy;
  • neurological diseases;
  • incorrect posture, flat feet;
  • not defined by the norms and stereotypical exercise.

The nature of the pain and the events preceding her appearance with, help to make a correct diagnosis. Back pain may appear after a fall or injury. Possible a normal injury, which involves pain and self-observation for 12 hours. If the pain has not passed, you should consult a doctor. If however difficult motion of the limbs, there is a tingling sensation or loss of sensation in them, there was a spontaneous urination or bowel movements – symptoms of spinal cord injury, requiring immediate hospitalization.

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Lower back pain above the waist, accompanied by fever and General malaise may indicate a kidney infection and requires immediate treatment in the clinic.

Back pain often increases with the years, leading her to immobility. Potential causes include osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia and protrusion of the discs, reducing the elasticity of cartilage. If the pain appeared after physical exercise, housework, heavy lifting, the reason may be stretching of muscles or ligaments, as well as the displacement of vertebral discs and nerve entrapment. Against the background of already existing diseases of the spine, the probability of such cases increases.

The treatment of back pain

Treatment of spinal pain is always a complex event, which includes the following methods:

  • the receiving analgesics, the suppression of inflammatory processes;
  • physiotherapy, manual therapy;
  • massage, physiotherapy;
  • ensuring healthy working conditions and rest;
  • diet aimed at weight reduction and obtain the necessary nutrients to maintain elasticity of muscles, ligaments, cartilage.

In a separate acute cases may require surgical intervention.

Prevention of back pain

Prevention

To prevent back pain is required to control a number of factors. First of all, you should provide a comfortable place to sleep and work.

Uncomfortable bed or office chair lead to a wrong constant strain on the spine. Prefer orthopedic Mat, cushions and chairs. Avoid hypothermia, which can trigger inflammation.

If your work is connected with physical activity, try to produce as less as possible operations in the forward bend. For lifting need to sit with a straight back. Need to watch your weight and try to keep it within the age norm, in order not to overload the spine.

Be sure to engage in physical activity, especially swimming, which forms a muscular corset without undue stress on the joints. Wear comfortable shoes, which will prevent wrong load on the foot and musculoskeletal system as a whole.

If you experience persistent back pain be sure to consult your doctor. Remember that only comprehensive survey identifying current chronic diseases will be able to give the correct clinical picture and will allow you to assign adequate treatment. Adherence to doctor recommendations, timely medication and a course of special treatments will help you quickly return to normal life.

21.07.2018