The correct posture of the student is the subject of the concerns of parents and doctors. What is posture and how the curvature affects the health of schoolchildren — will be discussed in the article.
Posture is formed during the growth and development of the child from an early age. The student with the correct posture must not have any deviations prescribed anatomical standards. People with properly planted posture, seen from afar. Head they keep always straight, they have an easy gait, back is not bent.
Posture predefined congenital or hereditary features, and also the transferred diseases, injuries. Such pathology may be the consequence of sedentary life. Students in the classroom sitting at a Desk, at home — learn lessons at your Desk. During the school day, for an average of 5-6 lessons, the children will fatigue. From the stillness decreases the perception of the curriculum.
Often incorrect posture in schoolchildren due to the fact that prolonged sitting at a Desk causes stagnation of blood circulation. Tired back muscles, spine, neck, legs. About the signs of fatigue, saying the slumped shoulders and the head, the movement of the chair. All these factors adversely affect the proper formation of the posture of the student. At an early age child has the ability to move actively, since joining the school he has to sit more.
Kids need to explain about the importance of correctly to accept the position at the Desk. During the execution of the written work the shoulders should be disclosed, to be at the same level and head slightly tilted. The student should be able to relax behind a Desk in those moments when the teacher explains the lesson. At this time you can relax and rely firmly on the back of a chair. Observing the important princes, problems with posture can be avoided.
A list of the main reasons that lead to bad posture:
In order to avoid the manifestation of the problem with posture is to eliminate factors distorting it.How to determine the violation
Improper posture arises in the body: an unnatural slouch, asymmetry of the location of the shoulders, the belly bulge. In medicine this phenomenon is characterized as curvature of the spine what is scoliosis. To determine and identify the defects of posture in school age will help to deliver a baby.
The survey is conducted in the standing position. The heels should be placed together, toes to plant at an angle of 45 degrees. When violations are identified, extending from the norms of anatomical symmetry, it is recommended to study the back x-rays. This must be done to detect abnormalities of the spine.
Visible signs of the condition to worsen diseases that may arise due to changes caused by posture. The systematic finding of the child at the Desk in the incorrect posture is complemented by a secondary, more serious symptoms. For example, one leg may be shorter than the other.Scoliotic posture
The curves of the human spine are formed from an early age. Any violations occur due to the impact on the back of a number of adverse factors. In time without noticing the problem, the student will acquire additional curvature. As a result, in adult life it will affect health. In scoliosis the spine is bent to one side, usually the right.
If congenital scoliosis is all clear, as it can be the consequence of genetic predisposition. With acquired disease much worse things could be. Sometimes parents do not pay attention to the problem for many years. When the violation fails to notice in time, through corrective exercise and control specialists can easily restore.
Simple exercises are in the form of a warm-up to relieve fatigue and stress of the spine. Interactions with physical systems for the formation of correct posture of pupils, it is possible to achieve significant results. To perform the exercises recommended along with parents, or independently. The complex is thus:
More complex of physical exercises for correction of posture is better to perform only under the supervision of experts, trainer or doctor.Prevention of postural disorders
An excellent prevention will be the self-control of the position of the back in standing and sitting. The back should always remain straight. When prolonged sitting is necessary to take a break, you can lean on the back of a chair or stand up to walk. If necessary, adjust the height of the table is comparable to the growth of the child.
In the standing position to better distribute the load, leaning alternately on one and on the other leg. Instead of a long stay in one place, it is useful to go back and forth. To lift the bag or fell to the floor the subject is not necessary to tilt the back, just sit down, bending your knees.
Sitting at a Desk or in a chair you want the child back tight against the backrest. The lessons to sit upright, not tilting forward the back and head. The feet must stand on the floor. Otherwise, under the table have to place a footrest or handle workplace.
Don't underestimate the damage a shoulder bag. The wearing of such accessories is the backpack and directly threatens the curvature of the spine. Explaining to the child how the correct posture is important for pupils, it is recommended to give more recommendations.Guidelines to improve posture
For proper posture for school age children it is useful to observe the following rules and to perform simple recommendations:
In order to develop the correct posture, you need to follow the recommendations and use the existing methods that were developed for its improvement.