The main reasons for pain in lower back

Almost everyone can suffer from pain back at the bottom. To get rid of such pain need to determine the cause of its occurrence. This can help the specialist. What hurts the lower back, and how this pathology correctly to treat?

The causes of pathological phenomena

Pain in lower back

Any type of pain – is a signal of any violations the human body. If a sore lower back, the reasons can be very diverse. They can be categorized in the following groups:

  1. Household fatigue.
  2. Problems associated with dysfunction of the spine.
  3. Gynecological ailments.
  4. The period of pregnancy.
  5. Urolithiasis and kidney disease.
  6. Urological pathology.
  7. Disruptions in the bowel.

The pain may be of a different nature, namely chronic or acute, or sudden, coming, constant, or aching. There is such pain and women and men and even children.

Most often susceptible to back pain such categories of people:

  1. Have suffered injury.
  2. Older than 50 years.
  3. Have problems with the musculoskeletal system.
  4. In history where there are other chronic illnesses.
  5. Abuse addictions.
  6. Pregnant women.
The treatment of such pain depends on the cause that provoked their appearance. It is, as a rule, the attending physician after a full examination.

Problems with the spine

The most common cause of pain in the lumbar region and sacrum, generally considered to be pathological processes in the spine. Diseases that cause this kind of pain following:

  • osteochondrosis;
  • herniated disc;
  • injuries to the spinal column;
  • spondiloarthrosis;
  • osteoporosis;
  • stenosis of the spinal canal;
  • Bechterew's disease;
  • neoplasms.

Besides all the above, there are factors that also affect the functioning of the spine, so that there may appear lower back pain. They are as follows:

  • the sharp rise in gravity from top to bottom;
  • incorrect posture when working at a Desk;
  • fatigue associated with frequent bending during operation, for example, in the country;
  • long uncomfortable fixed position in the car;
  • overload training, especially for beginners.

Lower back to the left and right may also hurt from lifting weights with one hand, resulting in a sharp bend of the spine in the opposite direction. Still pain left in the lower back indicates the advanced stage of the disease. These include:

  • displacement of the intervertebral disc with osteochondrosis;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • tuberculosis;
  • the development of tumors.

Sore bottom on the right side, the cause may be intestinal ailments, hormone disruption and obesity.

The right solution for the manifestation of such pain on the left and the right side is to contact the specialist for advice.

Gynecological pathology

Pain in lower back in women can be associated not only with diseases of the spine, and with gynecological problems.

Back pain in women

Among these there are:

  • the threat of detachment of the ovum in the first trimester of pregnancy;
  • infectious diseases of the pelvic organs;
  • cervical cancer;
  • inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometritis);
  • prolapse or uterine prolapse;
  • ectopic pregnancy;
  • rupture of ovary or cyst, it twisted;
  • fibroids ovarian.

The above listed ailments require urgent treatment in a medical institution.

Also a common cause of back pain after birth there is a rupture of the pelvic floor muscles. Pain symptoms are felt then not only lower back, abdomen, lower back and sacrum.

Most often back pain and lower abdomen in the female half due to the menstrual cycle. In this period, increases the production of so-called pain mediators called prostaglandins. In a certain period of menstruation, the pain itself disappears.

During pregnancy symptoms of lumbar pain can also be. This is because the fetus grows, it becomes larger in size, and the ability to carry loads in women tend to decrease. In addition, progesterone, which is actively produced during pregnancy makes the joints and ligaments weak.
Renal diseases and urological problems

Lumbar pain can be treated by doctors as one of the symptoms of kidney disease nephritis. In this case, the pain of a permanent nature, and if you have kidney stones, they are aggravated by shaking and walking. With the development of cystitis pain symptoms are felt more in the suprapubic part, but can give and in the lower back. Additional symptoms of such illnesses, for a more correct diagnosis are:

  • cramps and burning when you urinate;
  • fever;
  • the change in color of urine;
  • General malaise.

If men appear low back pain, the first thing is to exclude such pathological processes, such as prostatitis and adenoma. This will help and additional symptoms in such diseases of the prostate:

  • reduced potency;
  • difficult urination:
  • discharge from the urethra.

If prostatitis is acute, and the symptoms will be pronounced, if it is in the chronic stage, – it is scarce.

Intestinal ailments

We should not forget about problems in different sections of the intestine that also provoke the appearance of low back pain. These include appendicitis, colitis, proctitis. Lumbar pain in this case is one of the symptoms of such diseases. In addition to her it may spread on the sides, possible fever, bowel disorders in the form of diarrhea or constipation. Colitis in feces can be detected admixture of blood, mucus, pus.

In General, a proper and clear picture about the development of back pain will indicate the attending physician after the diagnosis, which includes a variety of tests, namely:

  • General analysis of blood and urine;
  • biochemical analysis of blood;
  • smear of the secretions from the genitals;
  • urine analysis according to Nechyporenko, zimnitskiy;
  • x-rays of the spine;
  • MRI and CT scans;
  • Ultrasound of internal organs;
  • endoscopy of the intestine.

If necessary, the above enumerated list can be added doctor and other tests in order to correctly answer the question of why a sore lower back.

Summing up

Causes of back pain in the lower part a wide variety, ranging from simple fatigue during exercise to serious diseases. Such pain cause the patient discomfort, and he cannot bear to move. On this basis, it is important to go to a specialist for help to install the reason and correct diagnosis. It is not recommended to delay the treatment so as not to aggravate the situation.