Pain on my left side of back: causes and possible diseases

The pain left and back is a common symptom and may be a manifestation of various pathologies. Patients complain that they have pain on my left side from behind, but don't know what is the cause and that in this case you need to take.

back pain and left side

The main causes of discomfort

Sometimes the pain syndrome on the left side of the back is a single character and can be normal in any healthy person. The cause of this condition can be physical or emotional stress. In this case, this is normal and poses no threat. But sometimes, pain in the left side indicate problems with internal organs. Then it is an alarming symptom that requires attention.

The main and most common causes of pain in left side from back:

  • muscle pain symptoms (myalgia);
  • problems with the spine;
  • the nerve lesions;
  • disorders in the gastrointestinal tract;
  • cardiovascular disease;
  • pathology of the respiratory system;
  • diseases of the urinary system.

The pain left behind can occur at different levels of the body — thorax, at the level of the waist, lower back and radiate to (give) to other places.

The nature of pain and possible disease

To potential causes of pain include diseases such as myocarditis, aortic aneurysm, angina, myocardial infarction and other diseases of the heart and blood vessels. For pathologies of the cardiovascular system is characterized by rather strong, burning and paroxysmal pain symptoms on the left side. During an attack of difficulty breathing, a feeling of tightness in the chest. Heartaches deliver strong physical and emotional discomfort. In this patient, observed acute emotional distress and fears.

The most common causes of pain in the back on the left side and in the left upper quadrant in disorders of the digestive organs are gastrointestinal diseases like pancreatitis, esophagitis, reflux disease. Pancreatitis acute pain is shingles character. Pain discomfort in the left side for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are often accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, heartburn, belching, disorders of appetite and a chair.

Pain on the left may be the defeat of the respiratory system. Most often, their creation cause diseases of the pleura. In dry pleurisy there is an acute pain, which intensifies when breathing in and coughing. It is accompanied by symptoms of intoxication (fever, malaise, weakness, sweating).

the causes of back pain

Dull nagging pains, worse during inspiration, can long disturb the person who previously suffered from pleurisy or pulmonary tuberculosis. The reason they are pleural adhesions that occur after inflammation. Reduction of pain manifestations in combination with increasing shortness of breath may indicate exudative pleurisy. The reason for such manifestations can be malignant tumors of lungs and bronchi.

One of the most common causes of pain in the left side between the ribs is intercostal neuralgia — a pain in the defeat of the left branches of the intercostal nerves. She can wear a different character — sharp and burning or dull and aching, can be as paroxysmal and permanent.

Strengthening of pain occurs when sharp movements, change of body position, deep inspiration and coughing. Another cause of neuralgia can be shingles is a disease that is caused by the herpes virus. The pain is intense and is accompanied by specific lesions.

Ache on the left side of the back may at pathologies of the urinary system. Pyelonephritis — inflammation of kidneys — accompanied by a dull aching pain on the affected side. Pain can be of different intensity, from dull to sharp, called renal colic.

In the presence of stones in the kidney the intensity of pain depends on the severity of the pathological process. In this disease the patient is worried about pain in the lumbar region, extending below, in the course of the ureter. More symptoms of diseases of the urinary system include frequent urination, blood in urine, pain during urination.

One of the causes of pain in the left side belongs osteochondrosis any part of the spine. For this pathology is characterized by a dull aching pain, often radiating to the leg. Osteochondrosis is enhanced during exercise, during movement and weight lifting. In addition to pain discomfort in this disease, there are symptoms such as the feeling of "lumbago" in the place of defeat, muscle tension, tingling, feeling numb, cold, dryness and flaking of skin in that area.

Intense burning and pulling pain occurs when herniated. It is worse when bending and turning the torso. Herniated discs can manifest as moderate pain, and intolerable as resembling a "backache". Pain can be in the legs, the buttocks, the feet during irradiation.

The causes of back pain may be gynecological diseases, injury of spleen, injury, internal bleeding, acute abdomen.

Recommended treatment

back treatment

Because the causes of pain in left side can be a variety of diseases, treatment will be different in each case. To accurately determine the cause of this condition, make a diagnosis and prescribe an appropriate treatment can only a doctor. Therefore do not postpone visit to the doctor.

To alleviate the condition, you can use the following guidelines for aid.

  1. If the pain in the left side appeared suddenly, accompanied by a feeling of compression, the "fading" of the heart, acute fear, take 1 Nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue and call an ambulance. If pain symptoms do not stop for more than 30 minutes, take a second Nitroglycerin tablet.
  2. Antispasmodics — ease the pain syndrome in diseases of the digestive system and kidney stones.
  3. Anti-inflammatory drugs are effective as symptomatic treatment for neuralgia, sciatica, pinched nerves, as well as dry pleurisy.

If the pain in the left side called neuralgia, diseases of the spine or back muscles, a good therapeutic effect can have physiotherapy, massage and therapeutic exercises.

When you need an ambulance?

At constant or recurring pain, you must contact your doctor to get proper examination, find out the cause of their indisposition and get effective treatment.

There are situations when you need urgent immediate assistance of medical personnel. To call an ambulance is required immediately, with the loss of consciousness, difficulty breathing, intense pain that is not relieved by any medication, persistent and rapid deterioration.

To call an ambulance is necessary, if painful manifestations joined by symptoms such as persistent vomiting, diarrhea, hemoptysis, fever, blood in vomit, stools or urine, dizziness, violation of coordination of movements, change the color of the skin. In these cases, without urgent medical assistance is necessary.


For prevention is a healthy lifestyle that includes a proper diet, adherence to work and rest, adequate physical activity. Also need proper sleep. For healthy sleep need a flat bed and hard mattress. The room should be enough fresh air.


It is extremely important favorable emotional state, as stress is one of the reasons for the development of cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and other diseases. For the prevention of inflammatory processes it is necessary to avoid hypothermia. More preventive measures include prompt treatment of existing diseases and timely treatment for medical help if you have any ailments.