Sore lower back and radiates to the leg: causes, symptoms, treatment

Various back pain bother lately, not only elderly but also very young people. This situation is due to a sharp decrease in motor activity, lowered immune system, unhealthy lifestyle. As a result, suffer from all vital organs, including the spine.

back pain radiating to leg

Unlimited access compatriots to drugs further aggravates the situation, instead of doing sports and to monitor their health, most people take painkillers and that their treatment ends. As a result, over time, big problems, treatment of disease is delayed in time and is much more expensive. Lower back pain radiating to the leg, can cause disability with full or partial disability. But even in mild cases, they significantly lower the quality of life of patients.

Why do I get lower back pain radiating to leg

Without understanding the causes of disease it is impossible to make adequate decisions. And the reason for the formation of pain can be understood only after it becomes clear the structure of the lumbar spine.

Often the cause of such pain is a swelling bundle of nerves coming from the spine. Nerves are arranged in a certain joint, it allows you to move the legs. Much swelling compresses the nerves, they are constantly working and sending signals a pathological state in the brain. He reacts to them and to minimize the risks of further compression of the nerve bundle makes movement painful, trying in this way to block the development of pathology.

It triggered a survival mechanism of the body, hurt to walk, he tries to spend more time in a calm state. Rest allows the body to eliminate puffiness and to return the vertebrae in the physiological state. Accordingly, decreases or completely disappears the swelling, the nerves no longer clamped alarming signals to the brain are not received, he does not send pain signals, the patient can easily move around.

But this happens only in cases when the body through the mobilization of internal resources able to eliminate the cause of the swelling without medical help. Unfortunately, this is not always the case, often without special treatment, the swelling did not pass. There are quite a lot of pathologies that result in experiencing the clinic.

Compression of nerve endings

The spine is a large number of spinal roots, when they occur compression pain syndromes. Very often this phenomenon is observed in patients with low back pain. With increasing pathology increase the pain, in difficult cases is difficult for any movement.

Table. Forms of the disease

Form of the diseaseDescription of the clinic
Muscular-tonicNerve endings are irritated the surrounding tissue, which, because of different processes changed. Fabrics take up space, which houses the nerve endings, causing pain. Most often, these pains are aching in nature.
VascularDiscomfort occur due to spasmodic syndrome. Muscle spasm can be caused by the development of osteochondrosis. The attack is sudden without apparent reason or appears after an awkward twists of the torso, weight lifting, etc. There are external causes – prolonged stay in one position, a bad sharp turns of the torso, lifting of excessive weights.
Vegetative-vascularLeg not only hurts, but it numbs stop tingling, you may feel a strange cold or heat. With prolonged pain, quickens the heartbeat, skin pale.
CombinedThe diagnosis is very common, to such a description, the doctors resort when it is impossible determine the exact cause of pain.

What factors increase the risk of disease

the cause of the pain

Lower back pain that is passed to the leg, called sciatica. The disease has no permanent clinical specificity, at first, allows you to make only preliminary conclusions.

There are several factors that increase risks of disease

  1. Long stay on his feet, especially if your shoes have high heels. In this case, the lumbar calving unnaturally bent, the load on the vertebrae increases, weak spinal discs do not withstand the increased load and change its configuration. Increases in the diameter of the outer sheath compresses the nerve fibers coming from the spine. Doctors strongly recommend to include time for relaxation of the spine, sit down, change shoes, do small exercises to strengthen back muscles. A strong muscular system in the state a long time to hold a person's weight, thereby decreasing the load on the vertebrae.
  2. Pregnancy and excessive weight. During pregnancy not only increases the weight of a woman, but unnaturally bent vertebrae. If during this period to carefully follow the advice of doctors, all unpleasant sensations disappear after childbirth on their own.
  3. Professional sports or heavy physical work. The load should be aligned with individual capabilities.
  4. Congenital abnormalities of the spine. The growth of pathology can increase and reach critical values. Curvature of the spine often occurs due to lack of calcium in the growing body. But he digested only in the presence of vitamin D, which is formed under the influence of ultraviolet rays. Conclusion – active lifestyle, regular and prolonged exposure to fresh air, greatly reduces the likelihood of disease.
  5. Protrusion of the intervertebral discs, hernia, deforming osteochondrosis. These pathologies are very often the cause of back pain, which give in the leg. Just after the appearance of their symptoms in the majority of patients sent to the hospital, and only there learns about his true diagnosis.

Symptoms

The main symptom is pain and limited movement. When you change the position of the body, the intensity only increases, the reduction of discomfort occurs only at complete rest the patient. When walking the pain increases to such an extent that leg difficult to move, sick all the time pulling her along. If the status is running, it changes the posture, the patient leans forward and slouch.

Doctors say that it is a benign condition and has never degenerates to the cancer. With timely treatment prognosis is quite optimistic, but progress of the disease to prevent not necessary. The sooner treatment begins, the less time it will take to achieve a positive result.

At the first appearance it is recommended to reduce physical activity and limit the amount of fluid. If within three or four days the pain will not disappear, you must go to a medical facility.

Special attention is needed to treat your condition, if such phenomenon appeared after various injuries of the spine, accompanied by fever, redness of the skin in the lower back. The deterioration of the sensitivity of the legs and the pelvic organs, spontaneous emission of urine and emptying of the colon serve as a signal for immediate comprehensive health check at a hospital.

posture

Diagnosis

When you first visit the doctor learns the patient about the time of the first appearance of pain, possible cause, dynamics of state changes. The disease is not considered a local disease and requires treatment of the root cause. Patient necessarily sent to x-ray examination, magnetic resonance or computed tomography. Only a clear visualization of the affected lesion enables the physician to make a correct diagnosis and develop the most effective treatment regimen.

How relieved the pain

Persistent or recurrent pain creates a large number of problems for humans and significantly impair quality of life. Treatment of the root cause of the disease is recommended only after pain relief, such recommendations gives a modern global medicine. But any manipulation of the spine is strictly forbidden to do without a special examination on medical equipment, it allows doctors to visually see the affected area and make the right decision. Sophisticated machines do the three-dimensional image that excludes the probability of error. Of course, if the physician has the appropriate professional knowledge.

Cupping is done only in a medical facility, hearth introduces two medications: a local anesthetic to relieve pain and hydrocortisone for therapeutic effect. Hydrocortisone reduces inflammation and swelling and promotes healing.

How does the relief

  1. Preparation of the patient for the procedure. The patient lies on a special table back up, iodine disinfected operating space.
  2. A special apparatus is adjustable so that the monitor was clearly visible area of administering medicines and painful part.
  3. Under constant surveillance of their actions, the doctor inserts problem needle and syringe delivers the medicine.

Lower back pain and leg is within a few minutes. Further, the patient may be directed to undergo other medical procedures and live a full life.

Treatment

During acute symptoms the patient is recommended bed rest, to relieve severe pain used medications. To reduce swelling can limit fluid intake if there are muscle spasms, appointed antispasmodics or muscle relaxants.

Unfortunately, the above relief we have is rarely used. There are two reasons:

  • the extremely low supply of medical institutions with new equipment. For the relief need to have new x-rays, which allows to perform all manipulations online. The doctor on the monitor not only see the affected area of the spine, but clearly controls all movements of the syringe needle. If such monitoring is not done, then the high risk of very negative consequences;
  • preserved since Soviet times the medical tradition, in which the pain patient is considered a natural condition. In our country, the anesthesiologist still is involved only during the execution of complex operations. The word anaesthesia means insensibility in developed countries it has long used for the relief of suffering, not only during operation but also during common therapeutic treatment. To live without pain – the motto of all the developed clinics. Following this slogan, they have at the slightest opportunity pain safely stopped, regardless of their location and caused reasons. Only in this condition the patient indicators is performed further treatment.

Physiotherapy

Medical science recommends massage, manual therapy, mud baths, vitamins, and therapeutic exercises. All these procedures improve blood flow in the affected organs pathology. Improving blood flow stimulates regenerative processes in tissues, contributes to the rapid development of the muscles of the spine. But all procedures can be performed after removing the acute symptoms of the disease.

Surgical treatment

Used in extreme cases, when drug therapy had proved ineffective or there is large risks of a sharp deterioration of the patient. During the operation, the damaged discs are removed partially or completely.

prevention

Prevention

Tips not original to lead a healthy lifestyle and engage in restorative exercise or play any sport. Loads need to be adjusted based on age and gender, not to strive for great results, and to aim at improving health. It is recommended to constantly monitor the posture, if necessary, correct the detected deviations.

As for folk remedies, in the world there are cases that using the red clay was able to completely replace a damaged spine, there is no confirmation of the effectiveness of tea birch buds, relieving pain black radish, juice of agave, etc. it Should be remembered that the use of such funds leads to delay visits to the doctor, the disease progresses, the treatment requires more time and financial resources.

15.10.2018